Answered By: Jennifer Harris
Last Updated: May 12, 2017     Views: 794

Block quotes are used when there are 40 or more words when the author's exact words are being provided word for word. General Rules:

  • Indent the block quote five spaces or half an inch
  • Do not use quotation marks
  • Double space the quote unless your school has a rule about single spacing block quotes
  • Do not include any additional lines or spaces before or after the block quote
  • In block quotes, the period goes before the parentheses, not after

Here is an example of an essay paragraph which has a long direct quote with 40 or more words inserted as a block quote:

Students at SNHU have faced challenges in learning how to use APA formatting. When discussing the challenges, Strunk (1922) stated:

Use quotes around an article title or book chapter, but italicize the title of a book, journal, brochure, or report when used in the body of the paper. Use a short title in the parenthetical citation or full title if the title is short.  NOTE: Non-periodical titles (e.g. book titles) have all the important words capitalized in the parenthetical citations, but these same titles do not have all the important words capitalized in the reference list. (p. 342)

Callahan (2001), however, says ….

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite in-text a long, block quotation in your class assignments and projects.

For more information about citing long, block quotations in-text in APA Style, please visit our APA guide or contact the Learning Center (UC Students) or Online Writing Center (COCE Students).

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