Answered By: Jennifer Harris Last Updated: Aug 01, 2017 Views: 2400
Per the APA Style Blog, to determine authorship, ask "who is responsible for this content?" Sometimes it isn't a person or persons who wrote or edited the material but rather an entity (government, associations, agencies, companies, etc). Therefore, the entity will be the author. For example, if you are referencing the CDC brief on the h1n1 flu outbreak, your author would be the Center for Disease Control:
The CDC recommended that anyone with flu-like symptoms remain home until they are fever-free for 24 hours (Centers for Disease Control, 2009).
Citing Sources with No Author
When there is no author identified, use the first few words from the title of the source used. When you are using the name of articles, book chapters, and web pages in the body of your paper, put the title in quotes and capitalize the important words. For journal, book, report, or brochure titles, italicize the title and capitalize the important words. See APA (6th ed.), 6.15, pp.176-177 for additional information.
The report condemned the practice (The Conditions of Education, 2011).
The preferred spelling of social media was used (Merrian-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 2008).
No conclusions were reached ("Citation Analysis," 2005).
The government was at fault for the results (Anonymous, 2010).
Examples of Citing Articles, Book Chapters, Web Pages, and Special Issue of Journal with No Author
Challenges to the findings ("The Oil Spill," 2010) were made.
"The Oil Spill" (2010) discussed challenges to the findings.
"The Oil Spill" published in 2010 discussed challenges to the findings.
Use double quotes around the title or the first few words in the title.
The comma goes inside the double quotes.
You can use the first few words of the title if the entire is too long. For example: ("Rewriting the long 18th century," 2008)
The important words in the article title are capitalized in the text of the paper, but only the first word is capitalized in the reference citation at the end of the paper.
Examples of Citing Periodicals, Books, Reports, or Brochure Titles with No Author
The report (Remediation in Higher Education, 2005) stated
Remediation in Higher Education (2005) stated
In 2005, Remediation in Higher Education stated
- Italicize the title
- If the entire title is too long, use the first few words in the title.
- The important words in the title of the report are capitalized in the text of the paper, but only the first word is capitalized in the reference citation at the end of the paper.
- APA guide (Shapiro Library)
For further help please contact the Wolak Learning Center at 603.645.9606 (UC Students) and Online Writing Center at 866.721.1662 (Online/COCE Students) for assistance with citing a source with no author in APA Style.
You may also want to consider:
- How do I cite a source with no author and no date?
- How do I cite a quote in-text in APA style?
- How do I do an in-text citation in APA style?
This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite a source with no author in your class assignments and projects.
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Lee, Chelsea. (2010). The generic reference: Who? Retrieved fom http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/01/the-generic-reference-who.html
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