Answered By: Jennifer Harris
Last Updated: Apr 05, 2016     Views: 1671

When there is no author identified, use the first few words from the title of the source used. When you are using the name of articles, book chapters, and web pages in the body of your paper, put the title in quotes and capitalize the important words. For journal, book, report, or brochure titles, italicize the title and capitalize the important words. See APA (6th ed.), 6.15, pp.176-177 for additional information.

The report condemned the practice (The Conditions of Education, 2011).

The preferred spelling of social media was used (Merrian-Webste Collegiate Dictionary, 2008).

No conclusions were reached ("Citation Analysis," 2005).

The government was at fault for the results (Anonymous, 2010).

Examples of Citing Articles, Book Chapters, Web Pages, and Special Issue of Journal with No Author:

Challenges to the findings ("The Oil Spill," 2010) were made.

"The Oil Spill" (2010) discussed challenges to the findings.

"The Oil Spill" published in 2010 discussed challenges to the findings.

General Rules:
  • Use double quotes around the title or the first few words in the title.
  • The comma goes inside the double quotes.
  • You can use the first few words of the title if the entire is too long. For example:  ("Rewriting the long 18th century," 2008)
  • The important words in the article title are capitalized in the text of the paper, but only the first word is capitalized in the reference citation at the end of the paper.
Examples of Citing Periodicals, Books, Reports, or Brochure Titles with No Author:

The report (Remediation in Higher Education, 2005) stated 

Remediation in Higher Education (2005) stated

In 2005, Remediation in Higher Education stated

General Rules:
 
  • Italicize the title
  • If the entire title is too long, use the first few words in the title.
  • The important words in the title of the report are capitalized in the text of the paper, but only the first word is capitalized in the reference citation at the end of the paper.

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite a source with no author in your class assignments and projects.

For more information about citing a source with no author in APA Style, please visit our APA guide or contact the Learning Center (UC Students) or Online Writing Center (COCE Students) for additional information.

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