Answered By: Jennifer Harris
Last Updated: Nov 09, 2015     Views: 1135

The following are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors in APA style. See APA manual (6th ed.), p. 177, Table 6.1 for additional information.

Two Authors Smith and Thomas (2007)
Subsequent Citations in Text Smith and Thomas (2007)
Parenthetical Citation (Smith & Thomas, 2007)
Subsequent Citations (Smith & Thomas, 2007)
Three Authors Smith, Thomas, and Jones (2007)
Subsequent Citations in Text Smith et al. (2007)
Parenthetical Citation (Smith, Thomas, & Jones, 2007)
Subsequent Parenthetical Citations (Smith et al., 2007)
Four Authors Higgins, Chow, Ito, and Kawazaki (2000)
Subsequent Citations in Text Higgins et al. (2000)
Parenthetical Citation (Higgins, Chow, Ito, & Kawazaki, 2000)
Subsequent Parenthetical Citations (Higgins et al., 2000)
Five Authors Schaefer, Ramirez, Lucio, Davidson, and Pastillo (2008)
Subsequent Citations in Text Schaefer et al. (2008)
Parenthetical Citation (Schaefer, Ramriez, Lucio, Davidson, & Pastillo, 2008)
Subsequent Parenthetical Citations (Schaefer et al., 2008)
Six or More Authors Hutchens et al. (2010)
Subsequent Citations in Text Hutchens et al. (2010)
Parenthetical Citation (Hutchens et al., 2010)
Subsequent Parenthetical Citations (Hutchens et al., 2010)
Two References that Have the Same Year & Several of the Same Authors Bischoff, Frey, Hoeferkamp, and Wienhorst (2011)
Bischoff, Frey, Smith, and Holmes (2011)
Subsequent Citations in Text Bischoff, Frey, Hoeferkamp, et al. (2011)
Bischoff, Frey, Smith, et al. (2011)
Parenthetical Citation (Bischoff, Frey, Hoeferkamp, & Wienhorst, 2011)
(Bischoff, Frey, Smith, & Holmes, 2011)
Subsequent Parenthetical Citations (Bischoff, Frey, Hoeferkamp, et al., 2011)
(Bischoff, Frey, Smith, et al., 2011)

See APA manual, p. 175 and APA Style Blog (comments) for more information.

Two Citations with the Same Author & Same Year Stahl (2011a)
Stahl (2011b)
Johnson (in press-a)
Johnson (in press-b)
Parenthetical Citation (Stahl, 2011a)
(Stahl, 2011b)
(Johnson, in press-a)
(Johnson, in press-b)
Two Works Within Same Parentheses (Stahl, 2011a, 2011b)
(Johnson, in press-a, in press-b)
(Johson, in press-a, in press-b; Stahl, 2011a, 2011b)

Note that APA does not use et al. in the reference list, however, when there are more than seven authors, you list the first six authors and the last author with ellipses to indicate that all the names were not included. See APA. p. 198, #2.

For example (don't forget to indent the second and subsequent lines):

Hutchens, H. M., McKay, J., Alvarado, F., Plath, E., Jordan, A.,  Porter, M., . . . Allsop, S. (2005). The attractions of stupidity. The St. Croix e-Review, 30(2), 6-10.  doi:10.2004/4002/StCeR/24.43

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite a source with multiple authors in your class assignments and projects.

For more information about citing a source with multiple authors in APA Style, please visit our APA guide or contact the Learning Center (UC Students) or Online Writing Center (COCE Students) for additional information.

You may also want to consider:

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