Answered By: Jennifer Harris
Last Updated: Oct 04, 2016     Views: 21

When an online or print article does not contain a date of publication APA format uses the abbreviation (n.d.) to specify no date.  Online books, websites, and other materials cited which do not contain a copyright or date published also use (n.d.). 

For more information on how APA recommends dealing with articles and other materials not containing a date of publication the APA Style Blog post Missing Pieces is helpful. For further information and examples of APA Style, please visit our APA Style Guide or our online resources such as the trial database APA Central.

If you have questions or concerns about a citation please contact the Learning Center (UC Students) or Online Writing Center (COCE Students) to speak with an APA style expert.

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