Answered By: Jennifer Harris
Last Updated: May 12, 2017     Views: 712

In-text citations give brief details of the source of an idea or piece of information within the text of a document. Chicago style uses superscript numbers for in-text citations which should be placed at the end of the quotation or paraphrased information. For example:

Johnson discussed Maxwell's suggestions, reporting on new research and possible causes.¹

When using the author/date method, in-text citations should include the contributors' last names, the year of publication, and the page or section number (if available). For example: (Johnson et al. 2011)

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to a website in your class assignments and projects.


For more information about citing in-text in Chicago Style, please visit our Chicago Style guide or check out the resources listed below. You may also want to contact the Learning Center (UC Students) or Online Writing Center (COCE Students) for additional information about citing images in Chicago Style.

Video Tutorials: Chicago/Turabian Manual of Style Training (Full Playlist)

Video tutorials on Chicago style are available via the Atomic Learning database. Please note: you will be asked to log in using your SNHU email username and password. 

Web Resources:

These web resources may be helpful if you need assistance doing in-text citations in Chicago Style. However, be sure to evaluate any sources you use--the Shapiro Library cannot vouch for the accuracy of information provided on external websites.

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