Answered By: Jennifer Harris
Last Updated: Oct 10, 2017     Views: 1930

In-text citations give brief details of the source of an idea or piece of information within the text of a document.

The notes-bibliography method of Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.) uses superscript numbers for in-text citations which should be placed at the end of the quotation or paraphrased information (see the N&B Citation Quick Guide). For example:

Conway explains that the American Revolution had both long-term and short-term causes.¹

Corresponding Footnote entry 

1. Stephen Conway, Short History of the American Revolutionary War (London: I.B. Tauris, 2013), chap. 1, EBSCOhost.

Corresponding Bibliography entry (don't forget to indent the second and subsequent lines):

Conway, Stephen. Short History of the American Revolutionary War. London: I.B.Tauris, 2013. EBSCOhost.

When using the author/date method, in-text citations should include the contributors' last names, the year of publication, and the page or section number (if available) (see the A-D Citation Quick Guide). For example:

(Conway 2013, chap. 1)

More information:

For further help please contact the Wolak Learning Center at 603.645.9606 (UC Students) and Online Writing Center at 866.721.1662 (Online/COCE Students) for assistance with citing websites in Chicago style.

You may also want to consider:

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite in your class assignments and projects.

References

Conway, Stephen. (2013). A short history of the American Revolutionary War. London: I.B.Tauris.

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