Answered By: Jennifer Harris Last Updated: May 19, 2017 Views: 1757
In-text citations (also known as parenthetical citations) give brief details that reference the original source within the text of a document.
As described by Nova Southeastern University on their "Citing in Text" page, "Any source information you provide in-text must match the source info on the Works Cited page. Specifically whatever you put first in the citation, must be the the same in-text. MLA in-text citations follow the Author-Page style, meaning the author's last name and the page number(s) of the quotation or paraphrase must appear in the text. Page numbers always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence."
For example: (Smith 15).
Sources with two authors: List the authors' last names in the sentence and put the page number in parentheses at the end. Alternatively, list the authors' last names and the page number in parentheses at the end. For example:
Smith, Jones, and Johnson discuss relationship between heroin use, incarceration, and society (11).
The authors state that "heroin-related deaths are both a legal and social issue" (Smith, Jones, and Johnson 11).
Sources with three or more authors: List the first authors' last name followed by et al. and put the page number in parentheses at the end. Alternatively, list the first authors' last name followed by et al. and the page number in parentheses at the end. For example:
Harris et al. disagrees with Smith, Jones, and Johnson's opinion by referencing the recent drop in heroin-related deaths in Chicago (14).
Another author disagrees with Smith, Jones, and Johnson's opinion by noting the recent drop in heroin-related deaths in Chicago (Harris et al. 14).
For more information about citing sources in MLA Style, please visit our MLA guide, contact the Learning Center (UC Students), or Online Writing Center (COCE Students). There is also a series of video tutorials available here that you may find helpful and the OWL at Purdue has a very helpful guide to MLA style.
You may also want to consider:
- What is MLA style or format?
- Where can I find the MLA style handbook?
- How do I cite sources in MLA style?
This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please refer to the MLA Handbook or speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite sources in MLA style.
"Citing in Text." Nova Southeastern University, 16 May 2017, http://nova.campusguides.com/c.php?g=112136&p=726576
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