Answered By: Jennifer Harris Last Updated: Jun 14, 2017 Views: 12154
In-text citations (also known as parenthetical citations) give brief details that reference the original source within the text of a document. See APA (6th ed.), pp. 175-179.
As described by Nova Southeastern University on their "Citing in Text" page, "Any source information you provide in-text must match the source info on the [References] page. Specifically whatever you put first in the citation, must be the the same in-text." To create an in-text citation, use the author's last name followed by a comma and the publication year.
Citing paraphrased information
The author's last name and the date can be included at the beginning, middle, or end of the paraphrased sentence. For example:
Guston (2001) reported that more evidence was needed.
After the scandal, Guston (2001) described the ordeal in great detail.
The victims had recently purchased a home in the area (Guston, 2001).
For information on citing works with multiple authors in-text, click here.
Citing a direct quote
List the authors' last name, the publication date, and the page number in parentheses at the end. Alternatively, list the authors' last name and publication date in the sentence and put the page number in parentheses at the end. For example:
The police stated that "both victims were in their late thirties and members of the local rotary club" (Guston, 2001, p. 28).
According to Guston (2001) the police stated that "both victims were in their late thirties and members of the local rotary club" (p. 28).
- APA guide (Shapiro Library)
- APA Research Paper Basics Video Tutorials (Atomic Learning - log in using your SNHU email username and password)
You may also want to consider:
- How do I cite long, block quotations in-text in APA style?
- How do I cite a source with no author in APA style (in-text)?
- How do I cite a source with multiple authors in APA style (in-text)?
This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association or speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite sources in APA style.
Nova Southeastern University. (n.d.). Citing in Text. Retrieved from http://nova.campusguides.com/c.php?g=112136&p=726576
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