Answered By: Jennifer Harris
Last Updated: Oct 28, 2015     Views: 11126

In-text citations give brief details of the source of an idea or piece of information within the text of a document. See APA (6th ed.),  pp. 175-179.

To create an in-text citation (also called the author/date method), insert the surname of the author and the year of publication at the appropriate point in the text. Citations used in the body of your publication identify the source of information. In-text parenthetical citations are used to give credit to the authors whose ideas or thoughts are used within the document. These internal citations allow the reader to identify the source and locate the information being addressed. APA uses a system that includes the author’s last name and the year of publication.

For example: (Small, 2009). 

If there is a direct quote or a specific part of the work is being referred to, the page numbers are also included.

For example: (Small, 2009, p. 23).

When citing paraphrased information in-text, the author's surname and the date can go in the beginning, middle, or end of the paraphrased sentence. For example: 

Krankenstein (2006) reported that empirical research was identified.

After looking into the issue, Lynch (2007) quit. 

The report concluded were victims of cyberterrorism (Windhorst, 2004).

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to do an in-text citation in APA style for your class assignments and projects.

You may also want to consider:

More Information

For more information about citing in-text in APA Style, please visit our APA guide or check out the resources below. You may also want to contact the Learning Center (UC Students) or Online Writing Center (COCE Students) for additional information.

Video Tutorials: APA (6th Ed.) Research Paper Basics (Full Playlist)

Video tutorials on APA style are available via the Atomic Learning database. Please note: you will be asked to log in using your SNHU email username and password. 

Web Resources:

These web resources may be helpful if you need assistance doing in-text citations in APA Style. However, be sure to evaluate any sources you use--the Shapiro Library cannot vouch for the accuracy of information provided on external websites.

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