Answered By: Jennifer Harris
Last Updated: May 06, 2019     Views: 14277

If you are quoting another source, you must ensure that it fits within the new context. The quote should be relevant, logical, transitions smoothly, and kept as brief as possible. 

See APA manual (6th ed.), pp. 170-173 and the APA Style Blog for more information.

A short quotation (fewer than 40 words) is inserted into the text without separating it from the rest of the paragraph and is surrounded by quotation marks. You must also include the page number (or other information). 

See APA manual (6th ed.),  pp. 170-172 for more information.

For Example:

Jones (1967) was known to say that "empathy comes from personal pain" (p. 113).

General Rules:

  • Keep the author and year of publication together
  • Use quotation marks to identify the exact words of the author
  • Include the page number in parentheses immediately after the direct quote
  • Place the period after the parentheses

Example of Author and Quote Together:

Students needed "adult supervision” (Green, 2000, p. 3).

The teachers discovered that naptime achieved "increased developmental awareness" (Harper & Brown, 1989, Introduction, para. 2).

Example of Author and Quote Separated:

Knowell (2014) stated that the “new interpretation should be adopted” (p. 314).

Jones (1999) reported, “The subject is unresponsive” (Conclusion section, para. 6)

Hekel (2002) discussed the topic of "drunk dialing" (p. 12) with his colleagues.

Barnes (2011) used the concept of "interstellar travel" (Encyclopedia Britannica, p. 3631) when writing his book. 

Example of an E-book Reader (See APA Style Blog for more information)

According to Freud (1900/2004), "Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar." (Chapter 7, Section 2, para. 1).

Example of an Article Retrieved Online (See APA (6th ed.), p. 173, section 6.05 for more information)

The author coined the phrase "to coin a phrase" (Geni, 1999, para. 4).

Example of an Article that has Section Headings Retrieved Online

The jury determined that the defendant was "not in violation of the terms of his agreement" (Groppe, 1987, Conclusion, para. 7).

For Citations Embedded in Quotes: Do not delete citations embedded in cited materials. See APA (6th ed.), p. 173, section 6.09 for more information.

For further help please contact the Wolak Learning Center at 603.645.9606 (Campus Students) and Online Writing Center at 866.721.1662 (Online Students) for assistance with quotations and in-text citations.

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite in-text a short quotation in your class assignments and projects.


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

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