Answered By: Jennifer Harris
Last Updated: Dec 27, 2018     Views: 6958

According to the APA it is best to " 'use secondary sources sparingly, for instance, when the original work is out of print, unavailable through usual sources, or not available in English.' When the original work, the speech, is available through a 'usual source,'' sources that can be retrieved through ordinary publishing channels should be cited."

Example of a Quote by One Author Used in the Text of Another Book, Within the Text

Secondary citation within the text:

Smith's 2008 study (as cited in Queenan et al., 2016) found that...

The document used is cited in the reference list

Queenan, H. R., Johnson, F. W., Yili, T. S., Sannefort, M. R, & Langman, R. C. (2017). Cyberbullying in American youth. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

More information:

For further help please contact the Wolak Learning Center at 603.645.9606 (Campus Students) and Online Writing Center at 866.721.1662 (Online Students) for assistance with citing secondary sources in APA Style.

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite a secondary source in your class assignments and projects.


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

American Psychological Association. (2010). How do you cite a source that you found in another source? Retrieved from

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