Answered By: Elyse Wolf
Last Updated: Nov 30, 2017     Views: 236

MLA 8th edition has a new approach to citations. They use a universal set of guidelines using what they term "containers" that can be applied to any source. This method incorporates core elements that need to be included, when available, in your citations:

  1. Author(s).
  2. Title of Source.
    • Italics for long works (e.g. book titles), "Quotes" for short works (e.g. journal article titles).
  3. Title of Container,
  4. Other Contributors,
  5. Version,
  6. Number,
  7. Publisher,
  8. Publication date,
  9. Location.
    • Print: p. for page number; pp. for page range
    • Web: Stable URL (without the http://)
    • Journal: DOI Number or Permalink/Durable link
    • Physical Object: Place

NOTE: Each element is followed by the punctuation indicated in the list.

More Information: 

For further help please contact the Wolak Learning Center at 603.645.9606 (UC/On-Campus Students) and Online Writing Center at 866.721.1662 (Online/COCE Students) for assistance with citing sources in MLA style.

You may also want to consider:

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite sources in your class assignments and projects.

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