Answered By: Jennifer Harris
Last Updated: May 01, 2019     Views: 3263

In-text citations give brief details of the source of an idea or piece of information within the text of a document.

The notes-bibliography method of Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.) uses superscript numbers for in-text citations which should be placed at the end of the quotation or paraphrased information (see the N&B Citation Quick Guide). For example:

Conway explains that the American Revolution had both long-term and short-term causes.¹

Corresponding Footnote entry 

1. Stephen Conway, Short History of the American Revolutionary War (London: I.B. Tauris, 2013), chap. 1, EBSCOhost.

Corresponding Bibliography entry (don't forget to indent the second and subsequent lines):

Conway, Stephen. Short History of the American Revolutionary War. London: I.B.Tauris, 2013. EBSCOhost.

When using the author/date method, in-text citations should include the contributors' last names, the year of publication, and the page or section number (if available) (see the A-D Citation Quick Guide). For example:

(Conway 2013, chap. 1)

More information:

For further help please contact the Wolak Learning Center at 603.645.9606 (Campus Students) and Online Writing Center at 866.721.1662 (Online Students) for assistance with in-text citation in Chicago style.

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite in your class assignments and projects.


Conway, Stephen. (2013). A short history of the American Revolutionary War. London: I.B.Tauris.

About FAQs

About FAQs

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) are a self-serve option for users to search and find answers to their questions. 

Use the search box above to type your question to search for an answer or browse existing FAQs by group, topic, etc.

Tell Me More

Link to Question Form

Related FAQs